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Sharp EACCES: CentOS/RHEL 7 で許可が拒否されました – 修正済み


Nodejs パッケージのインストール中に発生するシャープな EACCES 権限拒否エラーの解決策。

Nodejs パッケージ Browsertime のインストール中に、次のエラーが発生しました。

 [root@gf-lab ~]# npm install browsertime -g
/usr/bin/browsertime -> /usr/lib/node_modules/browsertime/bin/browsertime.js

> @sitespeed.io/chromedriver@77.0.3865-40 install /usr/lib/node_modules/browsertime/node_modules/@sitespeed.io/chromedriver
> node install.js

(node:26690) UnhandledPromiseRejectionWarning: Error: Destination Folder must exist
    at DownloaderHelper.__validate (/usr/lib/node_modules/browsertime/node_modules/@sitespeed.io/chromedriver/node_modules/node-downloader-helper/dist/index.js:390:23)
    at new DownloaderHelper (/usr/lib/node_modules/browsertime/node_modules/@sitespeed.io/chromedriver/node_modules/node-downloader-helper/dist/index.js:61:20)
    at download (/usr/lib/node_modules/browsertime/node_modules/@sitespeed.io/chromedriver/install.js:68:18)
(node:26690) UnhandledPromiseRejectionWarning: Unhandled promise rejection. This error originated either by throwing inside of an async function without a catch block, or by rejecting a promise which was not handled with .catch(). (rejection id: 1)
(node:26690) [DEP0018] DeprecationWarning: Unhandled promise rejections are deprecated. In the future, promise rejections that are not handled will terminate the Node.js process with a non-zero exit code.

> @sitespeed.io/geckodriver@0.26.0 install /usr/lib/node_modules/browsertime/node_modules/@sitespeed.io/geckodriver
> node install.js

(node:26701) UnhandledPromiseRejectionWarning: Error: Destination Folder must exist
    at DownloaderHelper.__validate (/usr/lib/node_modules/browsertime/node_modules/@sitespeed.io/geckodriver/node_modules/node-downloader-helper/dist/index.js:387:23)
    at new DownloaderHelper (/usr/lib/node_modules/browsertime/node_modules/@sitespeed.io/geckodriver/node_modules/node-downloader-helper/dist/index.js:61:20)
    at download (/usr/lib/node_modules/browsertime/node_modules/@sitespeed.io/geckodriver/install.js:73:18)
(node:26701) UnhandledPromiseRejectionWarning: Unhandled promise rejection. This error originated either by throwing inside of an async function without a catch block, or by rejecting a promise which was not handled with .catch(). (rejection id: 1)
(node:26701) [DEP0018] DeprecationWarning: Unhandled promise rejections are deprecated. In the future, promise rejections that are not handled will terminate the Node.js process with a non-zero exit code.

> sharp@0.23.0 install /usr/lib/node_modules/browsertime/node_modules/sharp
> (node install/libvips && node install/dll-copy && prebuild-install) || (node-gyp rebuild && node install/dll-copy)

ERR! sharp EACCES: permission denied, mkdir '/root/.npm/_libvips'
info sharp Attempting to build from source via node-gyp but this may fail due to the above error
info sharp Please see https://sharp.pixelplumbing.com/page/install for required dependencies
gyp WARN EACCES user "root" does not have permission to access the dev dir "/root/.node-gyp/11.15.0"
gyp WARN EACCES attempting to reinstall using temporary dev dir "/usr/lib/node_modules/browsertime/node_modules/sharp/.node-gyp"
gyp WARN install got an error, rolling back install
gyp WARN install got an error, rolling back install
gyp ERR! configure error 
gyp ERR! stack Error: EACCES: permission denied, mkdir '/usr/lib/node_modules/browsertime/node_modules/sharp/.node-gyp'
gyp ERR! System Linux 3.10.0-957.27.2.el7.x86_64
gyp ERR! command "/usr/bin/node" "/usr/lib/node_modules/npm/node_modules/node-gyp/bin/node-gyp.js" "rebuild"
gyp ERR! cwd /usr/lib/node_modules/browsertime/node_modules/sharp
gyp ERR! node -v v11.15.0
gyp ERR! node-gyp -v v3.8.0
gyp ERR! not ok 
npm ERR! code ELIFECYCLE
npm ERR! errno 1
npm ERR! sharp@0.23.0 install: `(node install/libvips && node install/dll-copy && prebuild-install) || (node-gyp rebuild && node install/dll-copy)`
npm ERR! Exit status 1
npm ERR! 
npm ERR! Failed at the sharp@0.23.0 install script.
npm ERR! This is probably not a problem with npm. There is likely additional logging output above.

npm ERR! A complete log of this run can be found in:

いくつかのことを試しましたが、何も機能しませんでした。少し検索した後、 npmjs のドキュメントを見つけて、 --unsafe-permフラグを試しました。

 npm install --unsafe-perm

例: 私のインストール用。

 npm install --unsafe-perm browsertime -g

それは魔法のようにうまくいきました。あなたにも役立つことを願っています。

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